Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Gambling, substance use, and mental health by ethnicity

From: Problem gambling among ethnic minorities: results from an epidemiological study

Variable White Hispanic Black or African American Asian/other Total
n (1341) % n (394) % n (261) % n (177) % n (% of total)
Gambling frequency**
Low 478 66.1 114 15.8 75 10.4 56 7.7 723 (100.0)
Medium 367 63.1 92 12.7 81 13.9 42 7.2 582 (100.0)
High 496 57.1 188 21.7 105 12.1 79 9.1 868 (100.0)
Preferred gambling venue(s)***
Land-based only 1067 66.2 244 15.1 198 12.3 104 6.4 1613 (100.0)
Online only 66 57.4 26 22.6 7 6.1 16 13.9 115 (100.0)
Land-based and online 208 46.7 124 27.9 56 12.6 57 12.8 445 (100.0)
Gambling activities
Lottery 1059 60.7 323 18.5 219 12.6 143 8.2 1744 (100.0)
Instant scratch-off tickets** 853 60.6 276 19.6 181 12.9 98 7.0 1408 (100.0)
Bingo*** 212 51.0 92 22.1 55 13.2 57 13.7 416 (100.0)
Sports betting*** 139 43.3 98 30.5 42 13.1 42 13.1 321 (100.0)
Horse race track betting*** 201 61.9 75 23.1 18 5.5 31 9.5 325 (100.0)
Live poker*** 129 51.2 70 27.8 26 10.3 27 10.7 252 (100.0)
Live casino table games*** 264 57.0 104 22.5 42 9.1 53 11.4 463 (100.0)
Gaming machines (slots) 416 60.4 139 20.2 73 10.6 61 8.8 689 (100.0)
Other games of skill*** 158 45.7 99 28.6 47 13.6 42 12.1 346 (100.0)
Substance use
Tobacco use*** 351 53.6 156 23.8 93 14.2 55 8.4 655 (100.0)
Alcohol use*** 1051 62.2 325 19.2 178 10.5 136 8.0 1690 (100.0)
Binge drinking*** 230 51.7 120 27.0 45 10.1 50 11.2 445 (100.0)
Illegal drug use*** 116 44.3 82 31.3 41 15.6 23 8.8 262 (100.0)
Problems with drugs or alcohol*** 44 40.4 43 39.4 13 11.9 9 8.9 109 (100.0)
Mental health
Behavioral addictions* 165 55.9 74 25.1 35 11.9 21 7.1 295 (100.0)
Mental health problems* 183 60.4 70 23.1 35 11.6 15 5.0 303 (100.0)
Suicidal ideation*** 33 44.0 26 34.7 11 14.7 5 6.7 75 (100.0)
  1. * p ≤ .05; ** p ≤ .01; *** p ≤ .001