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Table 1 Demographic breakdown of non-problem (n = 1510) and at-risk problem gamblers (n = 663)

From: Problem gambling among ethnic minorities: results from an epidemiological study

Variable Non-PG   Low risk PG   Moderate risk PG   High risk PG   Total
n % n % n % n % n (% of total)
Age*
21–24 92 6.1 34 12.3 28 14.8 38 19.4 192 (8.8)
25–34 237 15.7 65 23.5 52 27.5 73 37.2 427 (19.6)
35–44 312 20.6 49 17.7 50 26.5 55 28.1 466 (21.4)
45–54 332 22.0 66 23.8 32 16.9 21 10.7 451 (20.8)
55–64 243 16.1 30 10.8 12 6.3 7 3.6 292 (13.4)
65+ 295 19.5 33 11.9 15 7.9 2 1.0 345 (15.9)
Gender*
Male 695 46.0 150 54.2 120 63.2 136 69.4 1101 (50.6)
Female 815 54.0 127 45.8 70 36.8 60 30.6 1072 (49.4)
Race/ethnicity*
White 1016 67.3 155 60.0 90 47.4 80 40.8 1341 (61.7)
Hispanic 245 16.2 40 14.4 49 25.8 60 30.6 394 (18.1)
Black 155 10.3 51 18.4 27 14.2 28 14.3 261 (12.0)
Asian/other 94 6.2 31 11.2 24 12.6 28 14.3 177 (8.2)
Marital status*
Married or living w/partner 937 62.0 162 58.5 108 56.8 139 70.9 1346 (62.0)
Divorced, separated, Widowed 241 16.0 42 15.2 15 7.9 19 9.7 317 (14.6)
Single (never married) 332 22.0 73 26.3 67 35.3 38 19.4 510 (23.4)
Health status (past year)*
Excellent 271 17.9 35 12.6 38 20.0 59 30.1 403 (18.5)
Good/fair 1051 69.6 197 71.2 118 62.1 111 56.6 1477 (68.0)
Poor 188 12.5 45 16.2 34 17.9 26 13.3 293 (13.5)
Overall stress level (past year)*
Low 355 23.5 56 20.2 37 19.5 30 15.3 478 (22.0)
Moderate 1020 67.6 200 72.2 137 72.1 121 61.7 1478 (68.0)
High 135 8.9 21 7.6 16 8.4 45 23.0 217 (10.0)
Yearly household income
Less than $15,000 65 4.3 14 5.1 9 4.7 13 6.6 101 (4.7)
$15,000–29,999 137 9.1 19 6.9 30 15.8 18 9.3 204 (9.4)
$30,000–49,999 207 13.7 53 19.1 28 14.7 21 10.7 309 (14.2)
$50,000–69,999 256 17.0 54 19.5 42 22.1 44 22.4 396 (18.2)
$70,000–99,999 305 20.2 57 20.6 36 18.9 41 20.9 439 (20.2)
$100,000–124,999 198 13.1 36 13.0 18 9.6 34 17.3 286 (13.2)
$125,000–149,999 120 7.9 15 5.4 10 5.3 14 7.2 159 (7.3)
$150,000 or more 222 14.7 29 10.4 17 8.9 11 5.6 279 (12.8)
Education level
Less than high school or GED 17 1.1 10 3.6 5 2.6 12 6.1 44 (2.0)
High school diploma or GED 294 19.5 60 21.7 34 18.0 33 16.8 421 (19.4)
Some college (less than 1 year) 114 7.5 30 10.8 23 12.1 18 9.2 185 (8.5)
Some college (more than 1 year) 187 12.4 35 12.6 19 10.0 15 7.7 256 (11.8)
Associate’s degree 145 9.6 17 6.1 15 7.9 22 11.2 199 (9.1)
Bachelor’s degree 465 30.8 89 32.1 55 28.9 44 22.4 653 (30.1)
Master’s degree 219 14.5 27 9.7 25 13.2 33 16.8 304 (14.0)
Professional degree 38 2.5 6 2.2 9 4.7 13 6.6 66 (3.0)
Doctorate degree 31 2.1 3 1.2 5 2.6 6 3.2 45 (2.1)
Employment status
Employed for Wages 843 55.8 173 62.5 120 63.2 127 64.7 1263 (58.2)
Self-employed 121 8.0 24 8.7 15 7.9 25 12.7 185 (8.5)
Out of work (less than 1 year) 34 2.3 5 1.8 2 1.1 7 3.6 48 (2.2)
Out of work (more than 1 year) 32 2.1 7 2.5 9 4.7 5 2.6 53 (2.4)
Homemaker 90 6.1 14 5.1 6 3.2 12 6.1 122 (5.6)
Student 61 4.0 15 5.3 17 8.9 7 3.6 100 (4.6)
Retired 283 18.7 31 11.2 15 7.8 6 3.1 335 (15.4)
Unable to work 46 3.0 8 2.9 6 3.2 7 3.6 67 (3.1)
  1. * p ≤ .01