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Table 7 The PPAS’s difference concerning demographic factors (family structure)

From: Development and validation of the Pachinko/Pachi-Slot Playing Ambivalence Scale

t-test With a family (n = 380) Single (n = 142)
Total score 21.1 21.8
Regret 8.33 8.74
Parallel expectations 3.69 3.96
Parallel emotions 4.74 4.78
Parallel reasons 4.31 4.33