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Table 6 The PPAS’s difference concerning demographic factors (education)

From: Development and validation of the Pachinko/Pachi-Slot Playing Ambivalence Scale

t-test/mean score Over colleage (n = 404) Under high school (n = 118)
Total 21.3 21.2
Regret 8.48 8.31
Parallel expectations 3.76 3.79
Parallel emotions 4.74 4.79
Parallel reasons 4.31 4.34