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Table 5 The PPAS’s difference concerning demographic factors (gender)

From: Development and validation of the Pachinko/Pachi-Slot Playing Ambivalence Scale

t-test/mean score Male (n = 446) Female (n = 76)
Total 21.4 20.4
Regret 8.48 8.24
Parallel expectations 3.79 3.63
Parallel emotions 4.79 4.53
Parallel reasons 4.37 4.04