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Table 4 A comparison of PPAS total scores by DSM5-severity group

From: Development and validation of the Pachinko/Pachi-Slot Playing Ambivalence Scale

Severity classification N Mean SD SE Mean at 95% CI Mnimum value Maximum value
Lower limit Upper limit
None 349 18.9a 5.66 0.303 18.3 19.5 9 36
Mild 84 25.4b 3.98 0.435 24.5 26.2 12 34
Moderate 57 25.8bc 3.91 0.518 24.8 26.8 18 36
Severe 32 28.7c 4.62 0.816 27 30.4 18 36
Total 522 21.3 6.25 0.274 20.7 21.8 9 36
  1. Means followed by the same letter do not differ significantly (p = 0.05)