Skip to main content

Table 1 Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) for the PPAS

From: Development and validation of the Pachinko/Pachi-Slot Playing Ambivalence Scale

  Please rate these statements thinking about the past 12 months Factor
1 2
  1. After losing money playing pachinko or pachi-slot, I wished that I had spent it on something delicious to eat 0.947 −0.082
Regret 2. After losing money playing pachinko or pachi-slot, I wished that I had used it to buy something I wanted 0.888 0.03
  3. After losing money playing pachinko or pachi-slot, I wished that I had used the money to go out with my sweetheart or a friend 0.862 0.006
  4. When I am playing pachinko/pachi-slot, thoughts run through my mind that I could get rich, but also that I could go bankrupt −0.026 0.771
  5. When I am playing pachinko/pachi-slot, thoughts run through my mind that the people I care about might praise me for playing, or that they might reproach me for playing −0.059 0.749
Parallel 6. When I was playing pachinko or pachi-slot, I felt both happy and distressed 0.057 0.749
7. In my mind, I want to quit playing pachinko/pachi-slot and at the same time, I want to play 0.205 0.547
  8. The reason I play pachinko/pachi-slot is to win and also to lose −0.116 0.523
  9. The reason I play pachinko/pachi-slot changes with the moment 0.126 0.491
  1. N = 522 (principal component analysis with promax rotation)
  2. Italics mean each two factor group. Factor 1 consists of item 1–3, and factor 2 consists of item 4–9