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Table 2 Mediating effect of smartphone addiction in the gambling passion—schoolwork engagement relation

From: Role of smartphone addiction in gambling passion and schoolwork engagement: a Dualistic Model of Passion approach

Indirect effect pathways Estimate BC 95 % CI
Lower Upper
HGP  SA  Schoolwork engagement −.004 −.020 .010
OGP  SA  Schoolwork engagement −.034* −.073 −.010
  1. BC bootstrapping results were based on 1000 bootstrapped samples
  2. BC bias corrected, CI confidence interval, HGP harmonious gambling passion, OGP obsessive gambling passion, SA smartphone addiction
  3. p < .05