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Table 5 Pretest comparison between experimental and control groups in behavioral intention, psychosocial skills, knowledge, and beliefs

From: Development, implementation, and evaluation of a multi-addiction prevention program for primary school students in Hong Kong: the B.E.S.T. Teen Program

  Experimental group Control group t
Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Behavioral intention    
 Smoking 1.05 (0.30) 1.07 (0.33) −0.87
 Drinking 1.37 (0.70) 1.54 (0.86) −3.16**
 Cough mixture misuse 1.06 (0.33) 1.06 (0.33) 0.19
 Inhaling organic solvent 1.04 (0.25) 1.03 (0.25) 0.22
 Ketamine use 1.02 (0.19) 1.01 (0.16) 0.57
 Heroin use 1.03 (0.25) 1.02 (0.22) 0.56
 Gambling 1.13 (0.43) 1.20 (0.53) −2.27*
 Uncontrollable Internet use 1.66 (0.85) 1.91 (0.94) −4.08***
Skill acquisition 5.00 (0.65) 4.85 (0.68) 3.06**
Knowledge 12.12 (2.85) 11.33 (3.30) 3.62***
Beliefs 5.26 (0.65) 5.13 (0.75) 2.63**
  1. Values in the tables are Mean (standard deviation) of students’ scores
  2. p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001