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Table 2 Primary 6 curriculum, teaching aims, and learning outcomes

From: Development, implementation, and evaluation of a multi-addiction prevention program for primary school students in Hong Kong: the B.E.S.T. Teen Program

Construct Unit Teaching aims Learning outcomes
After taking this unit, students will be able:
Nature of addiction NA6.1 To facilitate students to acquire knowledge on different types of addiction and understand the connection between addiction and the body To understand common characteristics of substance abuse and behavioral addiction
To identify the role the brain plays in addiction
NA6.2 To enhance students’ awareness of short term and long term consequences of addiction To identify short and long term negative physiological, psychological, and social impacts of addiction
Cognitive competence CC6.1 To clarify the misconceptions of addiction To identify misconceptions of addiction
To understand factors leading to addictive behaviors
CC6.2 To cultivate effective decision making and positive coping strategies To differentiate effective from ineffective decisions
To learn healthy cognitive coping strategies, such as positive thinking styles
Emotional competence EC6.1 To introduce different emotions To identify how different emotions are experienced
To understand the antecedents and consequences of emotions
EC6.2 To familiarize students with healthy ways to foster positive emotions To use effective methods to experience positive emotions
To enhance emotional self-efficacy
Social competence SC6.1 To introduce different types of peers and possible peer influences To identify undesirable peer influence
To select friends in a careful manner
SC6.2 To introduce basic interpersonal skills in social interaction To express one’s thoughts and feelings in social situations
To understand interpersonal conflict and its consequences
Behavioral competence BC6.1 To introduce peer pressure and its relation to group conformity To identify situations involving peer pressure
To explore ways to deal with conformity
BC6.2 To learn how to stay away from addiction To understand impulse control
To explore ways to control impulsive addictive behavior