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Table 1 Primary 5 curriculum, teaching aims, and learning outcomes

From: Development, implementation, and evaluation of a multi-addiction prevention program for primary school students in Hong Kong: the B.E.S.T. Teen Program

Construct Unit Teaching aims Learning outcomes
After taking this unit, students will be able:
Nature of addiction NA5.1 To facilitate students to acquire knowledge about different types of addiction and common signs of addiction To understand common characteristics of substance abuse and behavioral addiction
To identify drug tolerance and withdrawal as common signs of addiction
NA5.2 To enhance students’ awareness of short term and long term consequences of addiction To identify short and long term negative physiological, psychological, and social impacts of addiction
Cognitive competence CC5.1 To clarify the misconceptions of addiction To identify facts and misconceptions of addiction
CC5.2 To cultivate effective decision making To understand factors affecting decision making
To differentiate effective from ineffective decision making
Emotional competence EC5.1 To introduce different emotions To understand how different emotions are experienced
To distinguish different emotional states (i.e., positive and negative emotions)
EC5.2 To familiarize students with healthy ways to foster positive emotions To use effective methods to experience positive emotions
Social competence SC5.1 To introduce different types of peers and possible peer influences To differentiate between good friends and bad friends
SC5.2 To introduce basic interpersonal skills in social interaction To understand the skills on assertiveness
Behavioral competence BC5.1 To explain peer pressure and its relation to group conformity To understand situations involving peer pressure
BC5.2 To learn how to stay away from addiction To be able to say “no” to addictive agents