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Table 3 Maternal alcohol consumption trajectories and male young adult’s risk of problem gambling behaviours at 30 year follow-up

From: Gender differences in the prospective association between maternal alcohol consumption trajectories and young adult offspring’s problem gambling at 30 years

Maternal alcohol consumption trajectoriesa No (%) No risk behaviourb Risk of problem gambling behaviours
Odds ratio (95 % CI)
Unadjusted Adjusted
Model 1c Model 2d Model 3e Model 4f
Abstainers 113 (17.8) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Low-stable drinkers 406 (63.8) 1.0 1.6 (0.8–3.2) 1.7 (0.8–3.4) 2.1 (0.8–5.2) 2.0 (0.8–5.1) 1.6 (0.6–4.1)
Moderate-escalating drinkers 117 (18.4) 1.0 3.6 (1.7–7.6) 3.7 (1.7–8.0) 4.6 (1.7– 12.6) 4.6 (1.6– 12.8) 3.0 (1.0– 8.7)
  1. Italic = p < 0.05
  2. aAssessed over 21 year follow-up
  3. bRef. No risk behaviours of problem gambling
  4. cControlled for mother’s SES (maternal age and educational levels at Time 1, maternal marital status and income at 14 year)
  5. dControlled for model 1 plus paternal alcohol problems at 14 year
  6. eControlled for model 2 plus young adult’s SES (income, education, marital status) at 21 year
  7. fControlled for model 3 plus young adult’s alcohol consumption at 30 years