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Table 2 Maternal alcohol consumption trajectories and female young adult’s risk of problem gambling behaviours at 30 year follow-up

From: Gender differences in the prospective association between maternal alcohol consumption trajectories and young adult offspring’s problem gambling at 30 years

Maternal alcohol consumption trajectoriesa No (%) No risk behaviourb Risk of problem gambling behaviours
Odds ratio (95 % CI)
Unadjusted Adjusted
Model 1c Model 2d Model 3e Model 4f
Abstainers 178 (16.9) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Low-stable drinkers 686 (65.0) 1.0 0.9 (0.5–1.7) 0.8 (0.4–1.6) 0.6 (0.3–1.4) 0.7 (0.3–1.6) 0.6 (0.3–1.3)
Moderate-escalating drinkers 191 (18.1) 1.0 1.2 (0.5–2.6) 1.0 (0.5–2.3) 1.1 (0.5–2.7) 1.2 (0.5–2.9) 1.0 (0.4–2.6)
  1. aAssessed over 21 year follow-up
  2. bRef. No risk behaviours of problem gambling
  3. cControlled for mother’s SES (maternal age and educational levels at Time 1, maternal marital status and income at 14 year)
  4. dControlled for model 1 plus paternal alcohol problems at 14 year
  5. eControlled for model 2 plus young adult’s SES (income, education, marital status) at 21 year
  6. fControlled for model 3 plus young adult’s alcohol consumption at 30 years