Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics

From: Development and validation of the Japanese version of the Gambling Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS-J)

  Total NPG AG PG
n = 536 n = 248 n = 195 n = 93
% % % %
Sex     
 Male 65.5 51.6 73.3 86.0
 Female 34.5 48.4 26.7 14.0
Age     
 18‐19 years 9.3 12.1 8.2 6.5
 20‐29 years 55.6 55.6 55.4 53.7
 30‐39 years 16.1 17.0 15.4 15.1
 40‐49 years 9.1 6.0 11.3 12.9
 50‐59 years 7.3 6.5 8.2 7.5
60 years 2.6 2.8 1.5 4.3
Education level     
 Elementary and junior high school 1.1 0.8 0.5 3.2
 High school (equivalent test) 10.5 8.1 12.8 12.9
 Junior and career college 8.9 10.1 10.8 3.2
 University student 37.3 39.9 34.4 32.3
 Graduation from univerisity 26.7 27.4 24.1 31.2
 Graduate student 12.3 9.7 15.9 11.8
 Graduation from graduate school 3.2 4.0 1.5 5.4
Annual income     
 <1,000,000 JPY 52.4 55.6 51.8 45.2
 1,000,000 - 1,999,999 6.3 5.6 6.7 7.5
 2,000,000 - 2,999,999 9.9 12.1 7.7 8.6
 3,000,000 - 3,999,999 10.6 11.3 10.3 9.7
 4,000,000 - 4,999,999 6.7 6.0 6.2 9.7
 5,000,000 - 5,999,999 4.5 3.2 5.6 5.4
 6,000,000 - 6,999,999 3.2 1.2 3.6 7.5
 7,000,000 - 7,999,999 3.0 2.0 4.6 2.2
 8,000,000 - 8,999,999 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.1
 9,000,000 - 9,999,999 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.1
10,000,000 1.3 0.8 1.5 2.2
Marital status     
 Married 27.6 23.4 31.3 31.2
 Experience of divorce 1.9 1.2 1.5 4.3
  1. Note: JPY Japanese yen, NPG non-problem gamblers, AG at-risk gamblers, PG pathological gamblers.