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Table 4 Comparison of gambling behavior between participants with and without parental problem gambling (N = 926)

From: A Hong Kong school-based survey: impacts of parental gambling on adolescent gambling behavior and mental health status

  Parental problem gambling
Respondents’ No Yes Total 2 Degree of p
gambling behavior n % n % n % X freedom  
Non-gamblers 422 54.7% 73 47.1% 495 53.5% 3.41 (1) 0.06
Social gamblers 323 41.9% 69 44.5% 392 42.3% 0.47 (1) 0.05
At-risk gamblers 20 2.6% 11 7.1% 31 3.3% 3.36 (1) 0.07
Pathological gamblers 6 0.8% 2 1.3% 8 0.9% 0.15 (1) 0.70
Total no. of past-year gamblers (social, at-risk and pathological gamblers) 349 45.3% 82 52.9% 431 46.5%    
Total 771 100.0% 155 100.0% 926 100%