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Table 3 Prevalence of gambling participation and pathological gambling in the past year (N = 926)

From: A Hong Kong school-based survey: impacts of parental gambling on adolescent gambling behavior and mental health status

  Total sample Boys Girls  
  (n = 926) (n = 471) (n = 455)   
Gambling behavior N % N % n % χ2 Degree of freedom
Non-gamblers 495 53.5% 243 26.2% 252 27.2% 0.81 (1)
Social gamblers 392 42.3% 200 21.6% 192 20.7% 0.05 (1)
At-risk gamblers 31 3.3% 21 2.3% 10 1.1% 3.84* (1)
Pathological gamblers 8 0.9% 7 0.8% 1 0.1% 4.43** (1)
  1. *p < 0.05, **p <0.01.