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Table 4 Multivariable models for 2006 reported gambling problems

From: Gambling problems amongst the CALD population of Australia: hidden, visible or not a problem?

Explanatory variables Model 1 Model 2 Reported gambling problems% (SE)
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)  
CALD status
Non-CALD na (p = 0.015) 1.00 3.5 (0.3)
CALD na 0.47 (0.26-0.85) 1.3 (0.4)
Country of birth and language
Australia and English at home (p = 0.064) 1.00 na 3.3 (0.2)
Australia and not English at home 1.58 (0.64-3.87) na 6.7 (2.4)
Overseas and English at home 1.48 (0.92-2.37) na 3.7 (0.7)
Overseas and not English at home 0.53 (0.30-0.95) na 1.3 (0.4)
Region of birth
Any other country (incl. Australia) na (p = 0.049) 1.00 3.1 (0.2)
New Zealand/Oceania na 2.13 (1.00-4.52) 6.4 (2.0)
Proficiency in English language
Speaks at home   dropped 3.3 (0.2)
Very well   dropped 3.8 (1.0)
Well/not well/none   dropped 1.0 (0.4)
State/Territory
WA 1.00 1.00 1.5 (0.4)
NSW 2.58 (1.35-4.92) 2.39 (1.27-4.51) 3.3 (0.5)
VIC 2.60 (1.44-4.69) 2.45 (1.34-4.47) 3.2 (0.5)
QLD 2.45 (1.41-4.23) 2.31 (1.32-4.02) 3.6 (0.5)
SA 2.70 (1.54-4.73) 2.66 (1.52-4.67) 3.6 (0.5)
NT 2.65 (1.61-4.36) 2.57 (1.57-4.22) 4.5 (0.6)
ACT 3.26 (1.79-5.92) 3.14 (1.73-5.69) 4.3 (0.5)
TAS 1.93 (1.01-3.71) 1.87 (0.96-3.67) 2.4 (0.4)
Age (years)
18-24 1.90 (1.12-3.21) 1.84 (1.12-3.05) 4.0 (0.9)
25-34 2.83 (1.68-4.75) 2.71 (1.66-4.45) 4.3 (0.6)
35-44 2.70 (1.61-4.53) 2.64 (1.62-4.30) 4.0 (0.4)
45-54 2.59 (1.41-4.73) 2.54 (1.40-4.63) 3.7 (0.7)
55 or more 1.00 1.00 1.3 (0.2)
Cash flow problems
No cash flow problems 1.00 1.00 2.3 (0.2)
One problem 1.62 (0.97-2.70) 1.63 (0.98-2.72) 4.8 (1.0)
Two or more problems 2.39 (1.61-3.55) 2.40 (1.61-3.59) 8.6 (1.0)
Social participation last 12 months
Sport and recreation 1.36 (1.05-1.76) 1.40 (1.08-1.80) 4.0 (0.4)
No sport and recreation 1.00 1.00 2.7 (0.2)
Social participation last 12 months
Arts and crafts 1.53 (1.03-2.27) 1.55 (1.04-2.31) 4.5 (0.7)
No arts and crafts 1.00 1.00 2.9 (0.3)
Physical or threatened violence
Victim 2.94 (2.16-4.01) 2.99 (2.18-4.10) 9.8 (1.0)
Not a victim 1.00 1.00 2.4 (0.2)
Self assessed health
Excellent 1.00 1.00 2.5 (0.5)
Very good 1.13 (0.68-1.88) 1.11 (0.67-1.84) 2.7 (0.3)
Good 1.66 (1.04-2.63) 1.62 (1.02-2.58) 4.0 (0.5)
Fair 1.75 (0.90-3.40) 1.71 (0.89-3.29) 3.5 (0.8)
Poor 1.96 (0.93-4.15) 1.92 (0.92-4.02) 4.1 (1.1)
  1. NOTE: Bold font indicates statistically significant difference (p ≤ 0.05).