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Table 1 Distribution of CALD status for the total Australian population and the distribution of CALD-related variables for the CALD population, 2002 and 2006

From: Gambling problems amongst the CALD population of Australia: hidden, visible or not a problem?

Culture and language variables 2002 2006 t-value p-value
  % (SE) % (SE)   
Total Australian population
CALD: Birthplace and language groups
 Non-CALD population
  Australia & English at home 69.4 (0.5) 68.7 (0.7) 0.81 0.416
  Australia & not English at home 3.0 (0.2) 3.1 (0.3) 0.28 0.782
  Overseas & English at home 14.6 (0.4) 14.8 (0.3) 0.40 0.689
 CALD population
 Overseas & not English at home 13.0 (0.4) 13.3 (0.5) 0.47 0.639
CALD status
 Non-CALD population 87.0 (0.4) 86.7 (0.5) 0.47 0.639
 CALD population 13.0 (0.4) 13.3 (0.5) 0.47 0.639
Total Australian population 100.0 100.0 - -
N (weighted population) 14,548,869 15,307,066 - -
Total CALD population
Main language spoken at home
 North European 4.8 (0.7) 6.3 (0.7) 1.52 0.130
 South European 25.6 (1.6) 19.3 (1.6) 2.78 0.005
 East European 15.9 (1.0) 11.0 (1.4) 2.85 0.004
 SW Asian central 9.4 (1.0) 10.3 (1.4) 0.52 0.601
 South Asian 9.2 (0.9) 9.9 (1.0) 0.52 0.603
 SE Asian 11.9 (1.2) 14.9 (1.8) 1.39 0.166
 East Asian 18.5 (1.3) 23.3 (1.8) 2.16 0.031
 Other language 4.6 (0.7) 4.9 (0.9) 0.26 0.792
Level in spoken English
 Very well 35.9 (1.6) 38.4 (2.0) 0.98 0.329
 Well 38.7 (1.5) 38.0 (2.1) 0.27 0.786
 Not well 23.0 (1.7) 20.8 (1.3) 1.03 0.304
 None 2.4 (0.5) 2.8 (0.6) 0.51 0.609
Region of birth
 Europe 40.8 (1.8) 32.4 (2.3) 2.88 0.004
 Africa/Middle East 11.5 (0.9) 14.1 (1.5) 1.49 0.137
 North/South/East Asia 30.9 (1.5) 38.1 (2.1) 2.79 0.005
 India/Central Asia 7.8 (0.9) 8.7 (1.1) 0.63 0.527
 New Zealand/Oceania 4.5 (0.8) 3.7 (0.8) 0.71 0.480
 Americas and not stated 4.6 (0.7) 2.9 (0.7) 1.72 0.086
Year of arrival
 2001-2006 / 2002 (recent)1 5.1 (0.8) 16.9 (1.6) 6.60 0.000
 1991-2000 (medium) 26.8 (1.8) 23.0 (1.7) 1.53 0.125
 Before 1991 (long term) 68.1 (1.9) 60.2 (1.8) 3.02 0.003
Total CALD population 100.0 100.0 - -
N (weighted population) 1,891,353 2,034,595 - -
  1. NOTES: Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.
  2. Totals for 18 years and over.
  3. 1 Recent = 2001–2002 in the 2002 GSS and Recent = 2001–2006 in the 2006 GSS.